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Snapshot of Hong Kong Population

2016 Population By-census results reveal latest demographic trends
  • Hong Kong population reached 7.34 million in 2016, more than doubled that in 1961
  • Hong Kong population was ageing rapidly, share of elderly in population increased to 16% while that of children declined to 11%
  • 60% of the population was born in Hong Kong
  • Sex ratio (number of males per 1 000 females) continued to decline since 1980s
  • Both women and men were postponing their marriage, on average 1 out of 6 persons aged 40 - 49 remained unmarried

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Educational Characteristics of Hong Kong Population
  • Educational attainment of Hong Kong population continued to improve, with almost one-third of the population having attended post-secondary education in 2016
  • School attendance rate of youths increased significantly
  • More young females than males were attending post-secondary education in 2016
  • “Business and commercial studies” remained as the most popular field among population attended post-secondary education in 2016
  • Close to 40% of pre-primary and primary students walked to school in 2016

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Economic Characteristics of Hong Kong Population
  • Labour force of Hong Kong continued to increase, reaching 395 million in 2016
  • Persons aged 65 and above in the labour force more than doubled over the past ten years
  • Females’ participation in labour market increased for most age groups
  • More males than females were engaged in high skill occupations in 2016
  • Almost half of the working population usually worked 40-49 hours weekly in 2016

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Domestic Households in Hong Kong
  • Domestic households in Hong Kong grew by 12.7% in the past 10 years, faster than the population (6.9%)
  • Small households had become increasingly common
  • With low level of fertility, proportion of households without children increased significantly
  • On average one in three households had at least one elderly member
  • Single elderly households increased significantly by over 50% during the past 10 years

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Housing Characteristics of Hong Kong Population
  • Number of occupied quarters in Hong Kong increased by around 0.3 million over the past 10 years
  • More than half of the population resided in private permanent housing
  • Proportion of domestic households resided in the quarters they owned decreased
  • Owner-occupiers in private permanent housing incurred a median monthly mortgage payment of $10,500 in 2016
  • Rental households in private permanent housing recorded a median monthly rent of $10,000

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Last revision date: 29 December 2017

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